COMMUNICATION 93 HEAT WAVE AND ITS CONSEQUENCES
If you are in HR you will have noticed that the temperatures these days have been close to 40 degrees and even exceeding it in some areas of the Region of Murcia. With this heat wave it is essential to take precautions in order to avoid heat stroke and risky situations.
That is why we would like to take this opportunity to inform you about the preventive measures and precautions you should take into account to avoid heat stroke.
Heat stroke is caused by prolonged exposure to the sun without adequate protection, when the body is unable to regulate its temperature and it rises to very high levels that can damage the organs.
It may be preceded by heat exhaustion, which occurs when the body loses too many fluids and salts through sweating, leading to physical weakness.
Here are answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about heat stroke.
What is heat stroke? Heat stroke is a rise in body temperature above 40°C for a prolonged period of time. Under normal conditions, the human body is able to control its temperature and, when it rises, produce sweat as a method of cooling itself.
What happens when heat stroke occurs is that the body’s thermoregulatory mechanisms do not function properly and the body is unable to restore its normal temperature.
This situation requires immediate medical attention.
What are the causes of heat stroke?
Heat stroke can be caused by: Excessive exposure to environmental heat. Physical exertion at high temperatures.
What are the syptoms?
Some of the syptoms and signs of heat stroke are: Headache. Hot, dry skin. Absence of sweating. Intense thirst. Rapid brathing and shortness of breath. Tachycardia and rapid pulse. Dizziness and confusion, convulsions and even loss of consciousness. Nausea and vomitin.
What to do in the event of heat stroke?
The first priority when a person suffers heat stroke is to try to bring their body temperature down to 37º. To do this, it is necessary to: Lay the person down in the shade and in a well-ventilated area. Remove or loosen clothing. Apply cool towels or cloths to the neck, groin, armpits and head. If the person is conscious, offer water to drink slowly. Call emergency services to trasport the person to the Hospital. If you are in HR, the most immediate thing to do is to call the security team who will provide immediate assistance (0034) 968 03 20 39.
Can heat stroke be prevented?
There are some guidelines that can help prevent and avoid heat stroke. Avoid prolonges exposure to the sun and always use photoprotection against solar radiation. Do not engage in physical activity during the mid-day sun. Wear loose-fitting, cool, light-couloures clothing and caps or hats. Hydrate regularly with adequate fluids and food. Never leave anyone in a parked car.
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